Valley of the Whales (Wadi Al-Hitan)

The Valley of the Whales, also called Wadi Al-Hitan, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is located in the Western Desert of Egypt, approximately 150 km southwest of Cairo. The site contains the world's largest collection of fossils from the early stages of whale evolution, dating back to around 40 million years ago.

The Valley of the Whales was once covered by a shallow sea that allowed whales to swim and feed in the area. Over time, as the sea retreated, the whales became stranded and died, leaving their remains behind. The fossilized skeletons found at the site offer a rare glimpse into the evolutionary history of these marine mammals.

The site was discovered in 1902 by German scientist Ernst Stromer, who recognized the significance of the fossils found in the area. The first excavation took place in the 1930s, and since then, numerous expeditions have been carried out to uncover more of the site's secrets.

Today, visitors to the Valley of the Whales can explore the fossilized remains of these ancient creatures, including complete skeletons and partial remains. The site also offers insight into the geological history of the region, with sandstone formations and other natural wonders to discover.

How to explore The Valley of the Whales?

  • Hire a Guide: It's recommended to hire a local guide who is knowledgeable about the history and significance of the site. A guide can provide insights and information about the fossils and geological formations that you might otherwise miss. Consider the time of year you are traveling, as the weather can be extreme in the desert. It's also important to bring plenty of water and sun protection before touring the place.
  • Explore on Foot: The best way to explore the site is on foot. The Valley of the Whales has several trails that visitors can follow to see the fossils and geological formations up close. Make sure to wear comfortable shoes and bring a hat to protect you from the sun.
  • Visit the Museum: The Valley of the Whales has a small museum that showcases some of the fossils found at the site. The museum provides an opportunity to learn more about the evolutionary history of whales and the geological features of the region.

  • imageDuration Required
    2 hours

Address of Valley of the Whales (Wadi Al-Hitan)

729F+226,150 kilometres (93 mi) south-west of Cairo, Faiyum Governorate, Egypt

Opening & Closing time of Valley of the Whales (Wadi Al-Hitan)

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Valley of the Whales (Wadi Al-Hitan)

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