Dhayah Fort is a historical fortress located approximately twelve kilometers west of the city of Rakah in the United Arab Emirates. It is situated at the highest point of the Musandam Peninsula, straddling the border of the city of Fujairah and the country of Oman. The fort dates back to the 16th century, during which it was an important defense position against foreign invasions. Historians estimate that it has been through at least seven major restorations since its initial construction, with the most recent one being in the 19th century.
The fort has six main sections: the main entrance, a main tower with its supporting walls, an ammunition storehouse, the east tower, an observation tower, and an ammunition magazine. The main tower of the fort is particularly impressive, standing at over 55 feet tall and 47 feet wide. It is constructed from thick stone blocks, which form strong walls that can withstand artillery fire. As with other military fortifications of the region, Dhayah also features a water basin near its entrance, allowing the soldiers to access fresh water in the event of a siege.
The surrounding site of Dhayah Fort has other military structures, including an encampment of barracks, several ruined watchtowers, and a large cemetery belonging to the region's former ruling families. Additionally, the fort is located nearby the Bidiya Mosque, which has been an important center of worship in the local area since the beginning of the 20th century.
During the 19th century, Dhayah Fort was an important strategic point in the region, as it was the source of many conflicts between the two countries of Oman and Fujairah. However, its most important battle of modern memory was in 1958, when a large-scale revolt led by members of the Ras Hamra and Jabbaar tribes gave Omani forces their first significant victory in their conflict with the Emirati Fujairah.
Dhayah Fort is now a popular destination for tourists and locals. It often features in university studies and local history classes. It is a source of much pride for Omanis, who consider Dhayah to have an important role in the protection and independence of their country. The fort is now open to the public, allowing tourists to admire and learn about its history. There are also cafés and restaurants in the area, allowing visitors to enjoy the beautiful view and stunning architecture of Dhayah.
Northern - Al Rams - Ras al Khaimah - United Arab Emirates